Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam

Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam
Address: Quoc Tu Giam Street, Dong Da District, Ha Noi
Among the historical relics of Hanoi, Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is a relic associated with the establishment of the capital of Thang Long under the Ly dynasty, has a history of almost thousand years, with spacious scale surface the best, the most typical and it is considered a symbol of culture, history, Vietnam.
Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is the relic abundance and diversity. Is a combination of two main monuments: churches Literature Confucius, the Confucian sages and  Quoc Tu Giam Justice Chu Van An, the typical teacher and moral importance of education in Vietnam, and Quoc Tu Giam, the first national high school in Vietnam, with more than 700 years has trained thousands of talents for the country. Architectural Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is posted on each site layout, each class in the North-South axis, simulating the overall planning worship Confucius Temple of Literature in his hometown in Qufu, Shandong, China . However, the scale here is simpler, more straightforward architecture and the traditional method of ethnic art.
In front of a large lake Literature

Outside the main entrance with four pillars, both sides have described property beer "House Code", the area around the high walls surrounding. Literature port construction type of the gate, the 3 words "Van Mieu Mon" type of ancient Chinese characters.

In the Van Mieu has a Confucius Temple  In Confucius temple has two pairs of cranes riding on turtles. This is a very specific image in the temples, tombs, temples in Vietnam. Image cranes flanking turtle on its back in many temples and shrines ..., flamingos stand on the backs of turtles expression of harmony between heaven and earth, between the two extremes negative - positive. Crane is the symbol of goodness and noble. According to legend turtles and flamingos are very close couples. Turtle symbolizes aquatic animals, crawling, cranes symbolize terrestrial animals, flying. When the rainy , flooding a large area, crane can not live underwater , turtle helped overcome the flood waters dry place. Conversely, when the sun drought, turtles have been taken to help the cranes have water. This refers to the fidelity and the support and help each other in times of difficulty, distress between good friends.
Today, Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is where the full moon in January of each year, the Vietnam Writers' Association organized the results reported in the literature and poems comments. This is where the state gave the function organization, academic: Professor, Institute for Doctoral ... to the new location. Every year, just after the university graduation, the valedictorian of the school of Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam to Chairman of Hanoi People's Committee awarded certificates of merit and sightseeing, plus a lot of activity in the field of culture be held at the Temple of Literature. In particular, foreign visitors from every continent and every day here to visit and learn first university of Vietnam, Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam.


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